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Dinghushan | Family List | Ophioglossaceae | Ophioglossum

Ophioglossum vulgatum L.

瓶尔小草

Description from Flora of China

Plants 10-30 cm tall. Rhizomes erect, bearing a cluster of fleshy roots; roots extending horizontally and stolonlike. Fronds usually single; common stalk pale at lower part, 6-9 cm, slightly robust, deeply buried underground. Sterile lamina sessile, elliptic or narrowly ovate, rarely ovate, 6-10 × 1.5-4 cm, slightly fleshy to herbaceous, base cuneate, truncate, or rounded, sometimes abruptly narrowed, margin entire, apex obtuse or abruptly acute; veins distinctly reticulate. Sporophore arising from base of sterile lamina, 9-18 cm or longer; spike 2.5-3.5 cm, ca. 0.2 mm in diam., apex acute, exceeding sterile lamina. Spore surface obviously and coarsely reticulate. 2n = 240-1140.

Shaded forests, wet meadows; below 3000 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [India, Japan, Korea, Sri Lanka; Australia, Europe, North America].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 直立单生小草本;

生境: 生于平地路旁草地或石缝中

用途: 全草药用;清热解毒、止咳镇痛,治蛇伤、敷疮疖有特效,又治肝炎、疳积、久咳、感冒发热,脱肛及作癫痫镇静剂

门中名: 蕨类植物门

中文别名: 箭蕨、一支箭、矛盾草


 

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