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Dinghushan | Family List | Salicaceae | Salix

Salix babylonica L.

柳树

Description from Flora of China

Trees to 18 m tall; bark grayish black, irregularly furrowed, Branchlets pendulous, brownish yellow, brownish, or slightly purple, slender, glabrous. Buds linear, apex acute. Stipules lanceolate or ovate-orbicular, those of shoots obliquely lanceolate; petiole (3-)5-10 mm; leaf blade narrowly lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 9-16 × 0.5-1.5 cm, abaxially light green, adaxially green, both surfaces glabrous or slightly pilose, base cuneate, margin serrate, apex long acuminate. Male catkin 1.5-2(-3) cm; peduncle short; bracts lanceolate, abaxially pilose. Male flower: glands 2; stamens 2, ca. as long as to longer than bracts, ± long pubescent at base; anthers reddish yellow. Female catkin 2-3(-6) cm, with 3 or 4 leaves on peduncle; bracts lanceolate, 1.8-2(-2.5) mm, abaxially pilose. Female flower: gland adaxial; ovary ellipsoid, glabrous or minutely pubescent proximally, sessile or subsessile; style short; stigma 2-4-parted. Capsule slightly greenish brown, 3-4 mm. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Apr-May. 2n = 63, 72, 76.

Used for weaving wicker baskets, timber, and reforestation.

Widespread throughout China [Asia, Europe]

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 落叶乔木

花期: 3--5

生境: 栽培

用途: 固堤、绿化树种;树皮可提取栲胶、造纸;木材制箱盒、火柴杆;枝 条可织物;枝叶及根可治筋骨痛、跌打、淋浊、白带、麻疹、小便不利、牙痛;叶、花、果能治恶疮、烫火伤等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 垂柳


 

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