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Dinghushan | Family List | Sargentodoxaceae | Sargentodoxa

Sargentodoxa cuneata (Oliv.) Rehd. et Wils.

大血藤

Description from Flora of China

Holboellia cuneata Oliver, Hooker’s Icon. Pl. 19: t. 1817. 1889; Sargentodoxa simplicifolia S. Z. Qu & C. L. Min.

Bark with longitudinal fissures. Stems with red sap, cross section with radiated markings; branches red-brown to brown, subterete. Winter buds with many imbricate scales; scales scarious, outer ones ovate, inner ones oblong-ovate. Leaves (1 or)3-foliolate; petiole 5--10 cm, slender, channeled; leaflets unequal; lateral leaflets subsessile, subdeltoid, extremely asymmetric with inner basal angle narrowly cuneate and outer basal angle truncate to oblique ovate, usually slightly larger than terminal one; terminal leaflet petiolules 5--10 mm; blade rhomboid-ovate, 4--14 × 3--cm, base cuneate, apex acute. Inflorescences solitary, many-flowered, loose racemes, pendulous, 8--15 cm. Flowers fragrant, yellow to yellowish green. Pedicels 1--1.5 cm, with 1 oblong bract at base; bracteoles 2, at middle of pedicel, alternate, awl-shaped. Male flowers: sepals imbricate in bud, ± erect to spreading, narrowly oblong, 6--10 × 2--4 mm, margin slightly revolute. Petals rhomboid-orbicular, ca. 1.2 mm. Sta-mens ca. 4 mm; filaments 1--1.5 mm; anthers oblong. Female flowers: receptacle subglobose to oblong, ca. 1.4 × 1.2 cm. Fruit 20--40, dull blue, berrylike, stipitate, 7--10 mm in diam. Seeds blackish, ovoid, ca. 5 mm. Fl. Mar--Jul, fr. Jun--Oct.

The stems and roots are used medicinally.

Open forests on mountain slopes or in gullies; 400--1600(--2000) m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, SE Yunnan, Zhejiang [Laos, N Vietnam].

生活型: 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 落叶,木质大藤本;

花期: 春月

生境: 见于白云林中

用途: 根、茎药用,活血祛风,通经止痛,治风寒湿痹,筋骨痛,跌打,水肿,经痛,疖肿等,兽医用治蚂蝗入牛鼻;也可作杀虫剂;茎可作造纸,栲胶原料

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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