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Dinghushan | Family List | Anacardiaceae | Dracontomelon

Dracontomelon duperreanum Pierre

人面子

Description from Flora of China

Dracontomelon sinense Stapf.

Trees, more than 20 m tall; branchlets minutely gray tomentose. Petiole and rachis ribbed, sparsely pubescent; leaf blade 30-45 cm, imparipinnately compound with 11-15 alternate leaflets; leaflet petiolule 2-5 mm; leaflet blade subcoriaceous, oblong, increasing in size from bottom to top, 5-14.5 × 2.5-4.5 cm, base broadly cuneate or rounded, margin entire, apex acuminate, minutely pubescent along midrib on both surfaces, abaxially with white tufts of hair in vein axils, lateral veins 7-9 pairs, reticulate venation prominent on both surfaces. Inflorescence paniculate, axillary or terminal, 10-23 cm, minutely gray pubescent. Pedicel 2-3 mm, minutely pubescent. Sepals ovate to elliptic-ovate, 3.5-4 × ca. 2 mm, obtuse, with minute grayish yellow pubescence on both surfaces. Petals white, lanceolate or narrowly oblong, ca. 6 × 1.7 mm, glabrous, recurved at anthesis, with 3-5 dark brown veins. Stamens 10; filaments ca. 3.5 mm; anthers ca. 1.5 mm. Disk lobed, undulate. Ovary glabrous, 2.5-3 mm; style ca. 2 mm. Drupe ca. 2 cm, ca. 2.5 cm in diam., yellow at maturity; endocarp compressed, 1.7-1.9 cm in diam., 5-locular or 3- or 4-locular by abortion. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Jun-Nov.

The names Dracontomelon mangiferum Blume and D. dao (Blanco) Merrill & Rolfe have been misapplied to this species.

Lowland forests; 100-400 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, SE Yunnan [Vietnam].

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 大乔木;羽状复叶,果球形,果熟时橙黄色,味酸甜,核硬,顶端有5孔

花期: 5

果期: 9--10

生境: 生于自然林中

用途: 果供生食及制凉果、果酱,能解酒 毒,生津止渴、促进食欲;种子油可制皂;木材耐腐,供建筑或家具用;又可做庭园行道绿化树种

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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