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Dinghushan | Family List | Araliaceae | Dendropanax

Dendropanax proteus (Champ.) Benth.

变叶树参

Description from Flora of China

Hedera protea Champion ex Bentham, Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 4: 122. 1852; Dendropanax acuminatissimus Merrill; D. angustilobus (H. H. Hu) Merrill; D. brevistylus Y. Ling; D. gracilis C. J. Tseng & G. Hoo; D. parvifloroides var. chartaceus K. M. Feng & Y. R. Li; D. parviflorus (Champion ex Bentham) Bentham; Gilibertia acuminatissima (Merrill) H. H. Hu; G. angustiloba H. H. Hu; G. parviflora (Champion ex Bentham) Harms; G. protea (Champion ex Bentham) Harms; H. parviflora Champion ex Bentham; Textoria parviflora (Cham- pion ex Bentham) Nakai; T. protea (Champion ex Bentham) Nakai.

Shrubs, to 3 m tall, hermaphroditic. Petiole 0.5-7 cm; leaf blade papery to leathery, usually not glandular punctate, 3-veined, secondary veins 5-12 pairs; unlobed blades elliptic, oblong, ovate-elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, or ovate-lanceolate, to narrowly lanceolate, 2.5-18(-24) × 1-7 cm, base cuneate to nearly rounded, apex acuminate or long acuminate, rarely abruptly acute; lobed blades obtriangular, deeply 2- or 3-cleft, lobes lanceolate to elliptic; margin entire, often with irregularly spaced, narrowly triangular teeth to ca. 1 mm. Inflorescence terminal; umbels solitary or 2 or 3(-5), (15-)20-40-flowered; peduncle 0.5-2 cm, stout; pedicels 0.5-2 cm in flower and fruit. Calyx entire or minutely 4- or 5-toothed. Ovary 4- or 5-carpellate; styles 4 or 5, completely united, ca. 1 mm. Fruit ovoid to globose, 4-8 mm, without ribs when dry; stylar column 1-1.5 mm, stigmas sessile. Fl. Jul-Sep, fr. Sep-Dec.

● Forests in valleys, along streams and on mountain slopes. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, S Hainan, Hunan, S Jiangxi, SE Yunnan.

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 灌木;叶不裂,或2或3裂,形状变异较大,基生三出脉

花期: 夏月

果期: 冬月

生境: 见于鸡笼山山谷林中或灌丛

用途: 全株药用,祛风除湿、活血通络,治风湿痹痛、跌打肿痛、产后风瘫、疮毒等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 三层楼、长尖叶木三加


 

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