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Dinghushan | Family List | Convolvulaceae | Cuscuta

Cuscuta chinensis Lam.

菟丝子

Description from Flora of China

Stems yellow, thin, ca. 1 mm in diam. Inflorescences lateral, compact cymose glomerules, few to many flowered, subsessile; bracts and bracteoles scalelike. Pedicel ca. 1 mm. Calyx cupular; sepals triangular, ca. 1.5 mm, apex obtuse, partly thickened. Corolla white, urceolate, ca. 3 mm; lobes persistent triangular-ovate, apex acute or obtuse, reflexed. Stamens inserted at throat; scales oblong, reaching stamens, long fimbriate. Ovary subglobose. Styles 2, equal or unequal in length; stigma globose. Capsule enclosed by withered corolla, globose, ca. 3 mm in diam., circumscissile. Seeds 2-4, pale brown, ovoid, ca. 1 mm, scabrous. 2n = 28, 56.

Fields, open mountain slopes, thickets, sandy beaches, often on plants of Fabaceae, Asteraceae, and Zygophyllaceae; 200-3000 m. Widespread in China [Afghanistan, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Mongolia, Russia, Sri Lanka; Africa, SW Asia, Australia].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 一年生、寄生缠绕草本;茎细,直径不足2毫米;叶退化成少数鳞片状叶;花簇生,花冠白色,短钟状,花柱2,柱头头状;蒴果盖裂,果熟时被花冠包住全部

花期: 秋月

生境: 见寄生于平地灌丛、树上

用途: 种子入药,有补肾固精、养肝明目之效;茎活血散瘀,治扭挫伤

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 金丝藤、蜘蛛网(高要)


 

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