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Dinghushan | Family List | Cyperaceae | Cyperus

Cyperus iria L.

碎米莎草

Description from Flora of China

Annuals. Roots fibrous. Culms tufted, 8-80 cm tall, slender to slightly stout, compressed triquetrous, base few leaved. Leaves much shorter than culm; sheath reddish brown to brownish purple; leaf blade 2-5 mm wide, slightly folded or flat. Involucral bracts 3-5, leaflike, lowermost 2 or 3 longer than inflorescence. Inflorescence a compound or rarely simple anthela; rays 4-9, mostly to 12 cm, each with 5-10 or more spikes. Spikes ovoid to oblong-ovoid, 1-4 cm, with 5-20 or more spikelets. Spikelets laxly arranged, ascending to slightly spreading, narrowly ovoid, very narrowly ovoid, or oblong, 4-10 × ca. 2 mm, compressed, 6-22-flowered; rachilla almost wingless, with successive glumes 0.7-0.9 mm apart. Glumes yellow to straw-colored, lax, broadly obovate, ca. 1.5 mm, membranous, 3-5-veined, keel middle abaxially green, margin apically white hyaline, apex retuse and mucronulate. Stamens 2(or 3); anthers ellipsoid; connective not prominent beyond anthers. Style very short; stigmas ± short. Nutlet dark brown, obovoid to subellipsoid, 1.2-1.4 mm, nearly as long as subtending glume, 3-sided, densely prominently puncticulate. Fl. and fr. Jun-Oct. 2n = 108, 112, 116, 128.

Cyperus iria is naturalized in Central, North, and South America.

Forest margins, under shrubs or forests, grasslands by water, mountain slopes, along trails in valleys, river margins, wet places, paddy fields; below 100-2000 m. Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, S Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, S Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xinjiang, SE Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kashmir, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam; tropical Africa, SW Asia, Australia, Indian Ocean islands, Madagascar, Pacific islands].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 草本;

花期: 4--7

果期: 4--7

生境: 生于田中或田野湿润处

用途: 块根药用,治慢性子宫炎、经闭、产后腹痛等;秆可供编织

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲


 

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Flora of China  
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    Flora of North America  
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    Flora of Pakistan  
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