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Dinghushan | Family List | Iridaceae | Belamcanda

Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC.

射干

Description from Flora of China

Ixia chinensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 36. 1753; Belamcanda chinensis var. taiwanensis S. S. Ying; B. pampaninii H. Léveillé; B. punctata Moench; Pardanthus chinensis (Linnaeus) Ker Gawler.

Rhizome pale brown. Stems 1--1.5 m. Leaves 20--60 × 2--4 cm, midvein obscure, apex acuminate. Flowers reddish orange with dark spots, 3--4 cm in diam.; pedicel slender, ca. 1.5 cm. Outer perianth segments obovate or elliptic, ca. 2.5 × 1 cm, base cuneate, apex obtuse. Stamens 1.8--2 cm. Style equaling perianth segments, lobes spreading. Capsule 2.5--3 × 1.5--2.5 cm, apex not beaked. Seeds ca. 5 mm in diam. Fl. Jun--Aug, fr. Jul--Sep. 2 n = (16, 27), 32.

Plants are usually cultivated, and the rhizomes are used in traditional Chinese medicine.

Near sea level to 2200 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, India, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Russia, Vietnam, and probably elsewhere in SE Asia].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 多年生直立草本;

花期: 7

生境: 生于山谷灌丛草地或栽培

用途: 根茎入药,解热解毒、散结消肿、化痰止咳;又作兽药,治牛肺病、膨胀等症;又作农药;茎叶纤维可代麻或作造纸原料

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲

中文别名: 较剪草


 

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