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Dinghushan | Family List | Poaceae | Imperata

Imperata cylindrica var. major (Nees) C. E. Hubb. ex Hubb. et Vsughan

白茅

Description from Flora of China

Imperata koenigii var. major Nees, Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill. 90.1841; Imperata arundinacea var. koenigii (Retzius) Bentham; I. cylindrica subsp. koenigii (Retizus) Tzvelev; I. cylin-drica var. koenigii (Retzius) Pilger; I. koenigii (Retzius) P. Beauvois; Saccharum koenigii Retzius.

Culm nodes often bearded, sometimes sparsely or occasionally glabrous. Leaf blades flat. Panicle slightly loose below. Spikelets 2.5–4(–4.5) mm; anthers 2–3 mm.

Open grassy places, cultivations. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Afghanistan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; SW Asia (Iran), Australia].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 多年生草本;

花期: 夏秋

果期: 夏秋

生境: 生于荒山、灌丛、旷野、路旁、

用途: 根茎及花入药,清热利尿、去湿解毒、凉血止血,治咳血、尿血、肾炎水肿、泌尿感染等;常用根茎煲蔗水,作清凉、润肺饮料;又为屋顶遮盖物及造纸原料

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲

中文别名: 茅根


 

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