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Hansen & Rahn | Family List

Aquifoliaceae Bartling

habit
woody plants

important diagnostics
spiny stems or leaves

distribution
African, Asian, Australian and Oceanian, European, North American, South American

leaf: position
alternate

leaf: nature
not compound

leaf: venation
pinnate or hardly visible in leaves or leaflets.

margin
with entire margin, lobed or divided, dentate

leaf: stipules
absent, present

inflorescence
solitary, fascicle, simple, sympodial

flower: sexuality
bisexual, unisexual

flower: symmetry
actinomorphic

flower: receptacle
small

flower: disc
absent

flower: perianth number
5, 6, 7+

flower: perianth nature
perianth of similar segments, perianth of calyx and corolla

flower: sepal number
0, 4, 5, 6+

flower: sepal position
all free from one another, connate

flower: sepal nature
sepals imbricate or contorted

flower: petal number
4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

flower: petal position
all free from one another, petals connate, petals imbricate

flower: petal nature
petals valvate

stamen: number
4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

stamen: anthers
basifixed, introrse, opening by longitudinal slits

stamen: filaments
free from the corolla, inserted on the corolla, not connate

pistil: style
styles absent, stigmas sessile, style 1, or styles more or less connate

pistil: carpel
4, 5, 6+

pistil: ovary
2-locular, 3-locular, 4-locular, 5-locular, 6+ locules

pistil: ovule
1 in each loculus, 2 in each loculus

pistil
ovules axile, carpels connate, ovules attached to the central axis or ventrally in apocarpae, ovules attached to the apex of the ovary

fruit: type
fleshy

fruit: seed
3+ seeds

seed: aril
arillus or arill-like organs present

seed: embryo
straight

seed: endosperm
seeds with endosperm


 

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