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Hansen & Rahn | Family List

Balsaminaceae A. Richard

habit
woody plants, herbaceous plants

distribution
African, Asian, European, North American

leaf: position
opposite or verticillate, alternate

leaf: nature
not compound

leaf: venation
pinnate or hardly visible in leaves or leaflets.

margin
with entire margin, dentate

leaf: glands/ligule
with pellucid or glandular dots or lines

leaf: stipules
absent, present

inflorescence
solitary, raceme

flower: sexuality
bisexual

flower: symmetry
zygomorphic or irregular

flower: receptacle
small

flower: disc
absent

flower: perianth number
6, 7+

flower: perianth nature
perianth of calyx and corolla

flower: sepal number
2, 3, 5

flower: sepal position
all free from one another

flower: sepal nature
sepals imbricate or contorted

flower: petal number
4, 5

flower: petal position
all free from one another, petals connate, petals imbricate

stamen: number
5

stamen: anthers
extrorse, opening by apical pores

stamen: filaments
free from the corolla, not connate, connate into 1 tube or bundle

pistil: style
styles absent, stigmas sessile

pistil: carpel
5

pistil: ovary
5-locular

pistil: ovule
3+ in each loculus

pistil
ovules axile, carpels connate, ovules attached to the central axis or ventrally in apocarpae, ovules attached to the apex of the ovary

fruit: type
a capsule, fleshy

fruit: seed
3+ seeds

seed: embryo
straight

seed: endosperm
seeds without endosperm


 

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