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Hansen & Rahn | Family List

Campanulaceae A. L. Jussieu

habit
woody plants, herbaceous plants

important diagnostics
milky juice present, cystoliths present

distribution
African, Asian, Australian and Oceanian, European, North American, South American

leaf: position
opposite or verticillate, alternate

leaf: nature
not compound

leaf: venation
pinnate or hardly visible in leaves or leaflets.

margin
with entire margin, dentate

leaf: epidermis
epidermis of leaf papillose

leaf: stipules
absent

inflorescence
solitary, raceme, spike

flower: sexuality
bisexual

flower: symmetry
actinomorphic

flower: receptacle
small, enlarged, completely united with the ovary, totally or partially covering it

flower: disc
absent, present

flower: perianth number
6, 7+

flower: perianth nature
perianth of calyx and corolla

flower: sepal number
3, 4, 5, 6+

flower: sepal position
all free from one another, connate

flower: sepal nature
sepals imbricate or contorted, sepals valvate

flower: petal number
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

flower: petal position
petals connate, petals imbricate

flower: petal nature
petals valvate

stamen: number
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

stamen: anthers
basifixed, introrse, opening by longitudinal slits

stamen: filaments
free from the corolla, inserted on the corolla, not connate

pistil: style
style 1, or styles more or less connate

pistil: carpel
2, 3, 4, 5, 6+

pistil: ovary
2-locular, 3-locular, 4-locular, 5-locular, 6+ locules

pistil: ovule
3+ in each loculus

pistil
ovules axile, carpels connate, ovules attached to the central axis or ventrally in apocarpae, ovules attached to the apex of the ovary, ovules attached to the base of the ovary

fruit: type
a capsule, fleshy

fruit: seed
3+ seeds

seed: embryo
straight

seed: endosperm
seeds with endosperm


 

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