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Hansen & Rahn | Family List

Caryophyllaceae Jussieu

habit
woody plants, herbaceous plants

important diagnostics
spiny stems or leaves

hairs
glandular, stellate, branched

distribution
African, Asian, Australian and Oceanian, European, North American, South American

leaf: position
opposite or verticillate, alternate

leaf: nature
not compound

leaf: venation
pinnate or hardly visible in leaves or leaflets., longitudinal in leaves or leaflets

margin
with entire margin, dentate

leaf: epidermis
epidermis of leaf papillose

leaf: stipules
absent, present

inflorescence
solitary, simple, sympodial, compound, sympodial or monopodial

flower: sexuality
bisexual, unisexual

flower: symmetry
actinomorphic

flower: receptacle
small, enlarged, conical or hemispherical

flower: disc
absent, present

flower: perianth number
4, 5, 7+

flower: perianth nature
perianth of similar segments, perianth of calyx and corolla

flower: sepal number
4, 5

flower: sepal position
all free from one another, connate

flower: sepal nature
sepals imbricate or contorted

flower: petal number
0, 4, 5

flower: petal position
all free from one another, petals imbricate

flower: corona
present, or scales in the throat

stamen: number
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10

stamen: symmetry
flowers obdiplostemonous

stamen: anthers
dorsifixed or ventrifixed, basifixed, introrse, opening by longitudinal slits

stamen: filaments
free from the corolla, not connate, connate into 1 tube or bundle

stamen: other characters
staminodia present

pistil: style
styles more than 1, free, style 1, or styles more or less connate

pistil: carpel
2, 3, 4, 5

pistil: ovary
1-locular

pistil: ovule
1 in each loculus, 2 in each loculus, 3+ in each loculus

pistil
ovules axile, carpels connate, ovules attached to the central axis or ventrally in apocarpae, ovules attached to the base of the ovary

fruit: type
a capsule, a nut, fleshy

fruit: seed
1 seed, 2 seeds, 3+ seeds

seed: aril
arillus or arill-like organs present

seed: embryo
straight, curved

seed: endosperm
seeds without endosperm


 

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