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Hansen & Rahn | Family List

Chloranthaceae Blume

habit
woody plants, herbaceous plants

distribution
African, Asian, Australian and Oceanian, North American, South American

leaf: position
opposite or verticillate

leaf: nature
not compound

leaf: venation
pinnate or hardly visible in leaves or leaflets.

margin
dentate

leaf: epidermis
epidermis of leaf papillose

leaf: glands/ligule
with pellucid or glandular dots or lines

leaf: stipules
absent, present

inflorescence
spike, head, simple, sympodial, compound, sympodial or monopodial

flower: sexuality
bisexual, unisexual

flower: symmetry
actinomorphic

flower: receptacle
enlarged, completely united with the ovary, totally or partially covering it

flower: disc
absent

flower: perianth number
0, 3

flower: perianth nature
perianth of similar segments

flower: sepal number
0, 3

flower: sepal position
all free from one another, connate

flower: petal number
0

stamen: number
1, 2, 3

stamen: anthers
dorsifixed or ventrifixed, basifixed, introrse, extrorse, opening by longitudinal slits, 1-locular at anthesis

stamen: filaments
connate into 1 tube or bundle

stamen: other characters
anthers with a conspicuous appendage

pistil: style
styles absent, stigmas sessile, style 1, or styles more or less connate

pistil: carpel
1

pistil: ovary
1-locular

pistil: ovule
1 in each loculus

pistil
carpels free from each other or carpel 1, ovules attached to the apex of the ovary

fruit: type
fleshy

fruit: seed
1 seed

seed: embryo
straight

seed: endosperm
seeds with endosperm


 

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