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Hansen & Rahn | Family List

Escalloniaceae R. Brown ex Dumortier

habit
woody plants, herbaceous plants

important diagnostics
cladodes or phyllodes

hairs
glandular, stellate, 2-armed or T-shaped, non-glandular, peltate or scale-like

distribution
African, Asian, Australian and Oceanian, South American

leaf: position
opposite or verticillate, alternate

leaf: nature
not compound

leaf: venation
pinnate or hardly visible in leaves or leaflets.

margin
with entire margin, dentate

leaf: stipules
absent

inflorescence
solitary, raceme, spike, corymb, simple, sympodial, compound, sympodial or monopodial

flower: sexuality
bisexual, unisexual

flower: symmetry
actinomorphic

flower: receptacle
small, enlarged, completely united with the ovary, totally or partially covering it, enlarged, totally or partially free from the ovary

flower: disc
absent, present

flower: perianth number
3, 7+

flower: perianth nature
perianth of calyx and corolla

flower: sepal number
0, 4, 5, 6+

flower: sepal position
all free from one another, connate

flower: sepal nature
sepals imbricate or contorted, sepals valvate

flower: petal number
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

flower: petal position
all free from one another, petals connate, petals imbricate

flower: petal nature
petals contorted, petals valvate

stamen: number
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

stamen: anthers
dorsifixed or ventrifixed, basifixed, introrse, opening by longitudinal slits

stamen: filaments
free from the corolla, not connate

stamen: other characters
staminodia present

pistil: style
styles absent, stigmas sessile, styles more than 1, free, style 1, or styles more or less connate

pistil: carpel
2, 3, 4, 5, 6+

pistil: ovary
1-locular, 2-locular, 3-locular, 4-locular, 5-locular, 6+ locules

pistil: ovule
3+ in each loculus

pistil
carpels free from each other or carpel 1, ovules parietal, carpels connate, ovules axile, carpels connate, ovules attached to the central axis or ventrally in apocarpae

fruit: type
a capsule, fleshy

fruit: seed
3+ seeds

seed: embryo
straight

seed: endosperm
seeds with endosperm


 

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