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Hansen & Rahn | Family List

Balanitaceae Endlicher

habit
woody plants

important diagnostics
spiny stems or leaves

distribution
African, Asian

leaf: position
alternate

leaf: nature
compound, pinnately compound

leaf: venation
pinnate or hardly visible in leaves or leaflets.

margin
with entire margin

leaf: stipules
absent

inflorescence
solitary, raceme, fascicle, compound, sympodial or monopodial

flower: sexuality
bisexual

flower: symmetry
actinomorphic

flower: receptacle
enlarged, completely united with the ovary, totally or partially covering it

flower: disc
present

flower: perianth number
7+

flower: perianth nature
perianth of calyx and corolla

flower: sepal number
5

flower: sepal position
all free from one another

flower: sepal nature
sepals imbricate or contorted

flower: petal number
5

flower: petal position
all free from one another, petals imbricate

stamen: number
10

stamen: anthers
dorsifixed or ventrifixed, introrse, opening by longitudinal slits

stamen: filaments
free from the corolla, not connate

pistil: style
style 1, or styles more or less connate

pistil: carpel
5

pistil: ovary
5-locular

pistil: ovule
1 in each loculus

pistil
ovules axile, carpels connate, ovules attached to the central axis or ventrally in apocarpae, ovules attached to the apex of the ovary

fruit: type
fleshy

fruit: seed
1 seed

seed: embryo
straight

seed: cotyledons
folded or crumpled

seed: endosperm
seeds without endosperm


 

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