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Leaf Anatomy and General Character Set of Taiwan Grasses         Search

Leaf Anatomy Character Set of Taiwan Grasses(CS Kuoh )merged with Poa Character Set (CS Kuoh & CH Chen) by Dr. Hong Song


Character List

1: plant duration [Unordered List]

2: culms :habit [Unordered List]
    • 2. decumbent
3: culms :height (cm) (cm) [Integer]
4: culms :diameter (mm) (mm) [Integer]
5: leaf-blades shape [Unordered List] 6: leaf-blades :length (cm) (cm) [Integer]
7: leaf-blades :width (mm) (mm) [Integer]
8: leaf-blades :apex [Unordered List] 9: sheath [Unordered List]
    • 1. obviously compressed   (1 taxon)
    • 2. not compressed   (7 taxa)
10: ligule:texture [Unordered List]
11: ligule :shape [Unordered List] 12: ligule :length (mm) (mm) [Real Number]
13: inflorescence:shape or type [Unordered List]
    • 2. narrowly contracted panicle   (2 taxa)
14: inflorescence :length (cm) (cm) [Integer]
15: spikelets:number of florets [Integer]
16: spikelets:shape [Unordered List] 17: spikelets :length (mm) (mm) [Real Number]
18: spikelets :width (mm) (mm) [Real Number]
19: pedicel vestiture [Unordered List] 20: lower glume shape [Unordered List]
    • 2. narrowly lanceolate   (1 taxon)
    • 3. linear-lanceolate   (2 taxa)
    • 4. deltoid-lanceolate
21: lower glume :length (mm) (mm) [Real Number]
22: lower glume :number of nerves [Integer]
23: upper glume shape [Unordered List]
    • 2. broadly lanceolate   (2 taxa)
    • 4. narrowly ovate   (2 taxa)
    • 5. boat-shaped
24: upper glume apex [Unordered List] 25: upper glume :length (mm) [Real Number]
26: upper glume :number of nerves [Integer]
27: florets :length (mm) (mm) [Real Number]
28: lemma:texture [Unordered List]
    • 3. subcoriaceous
29: lemma:shape [Unordered List]
    • 1. lanceolate
    • 2. deltoid-lanceolate
    • 3. ovate-lanceolate   (6 taxa)
30: lemma:length (mm) (mm) [Real Number]
31: lemma :number of nerves [Integer]
32: lemma :vestiture on nerves [Unordered List]
    • 1. nerves villous   (7 taxa)
    • 2. nerves minutely villous
33: palea :shape [Unordered List]
    • 2. narrowly lanceolate   (8 taxa)
    • 3. linear oblong
34: palea :apex [Unordered List]
    • 2. round or truncate
35: palea :length (mm) (mm) [Real Number]
36: palea :number of nerves [Integer]
37: palea :vestiture on nerves [Unordered List] 38: callus [Unordered List] 39: anthers:length (mm) (mm) [Real Number]
40: caryopsis:shape [Unordered List]
    • 2. oblong
    • 3. linear-oblong
41: caryopsis :length (mm) (mm) [Real Number]
42: caryopsis :apex [Unordered List] 43: google images search (http://images.google.com/images?q=) [Basic URL]
51: midrib 中肋 [Unordered List]
    • 1. (no)not conspicuous   (14 taxa)
    • 2. (sm)small:with one vascular bundle   (27 taxa)
    • 3. (la)large:several vascular bundles   (38 taxa)
    • 4. (aq)aquatic:with air chamber,
      vascular bundles unequal   (2 taxa)
    • 5. (rh)rhomboid:rhomboid outline with
      two vascular bundles   (1 taxon)
52: leaf surface 表面 [Unordered List]
    • 2. (nod)nodules on both surfaces   (11 taxa)
    • 3. (sha)upper surface with shallow notch
      between the veins   (26 taxa)
    • 4. (mid)upper surface with middle notch
      between the veins   (6 taxa)
    • 5. (dee)upper surface with deep notch
      between the veins   (5 taxa)
    • 6. (mix)mixed type with variable surface nodules   (4 taxa)
53: sclerenchyma 厚壁組織 [Unordered List]
    • 1. (noscl)no except large vein   (15 taxa)
    • 2. (boscl)(bostr)on both sides of veins as
      strand or girder   (69 taxa)
    • 3. (bIgir)on both sides of some veins
      as I-shaped girder   (5 taxa)
    • 4. (bAgir)on both sides of some veins
      as anchor-sahped girder   (2 taxa)
    • 6. (mistr)strand variable with size of vein   (23 taxa)
    • 7. (abscl)on abaxial side of vein   (5 taxa)
    • 8. (trstr)strand trichome-like   (4 taxa)
    • 9. (ecstr)strand enclosed by colorless cells
      and epidermis   (7 taxa)
    • 10. (conti)strand extend and more or less continuous   (1 taxon)
54: chlorenchyma 葉綠組織 [Unordered List]
    • 1. (homog)homogenous sponge tissue   (8 taxa)
    • 2. (radia)cells radiate and lesser than
      bundle sheath cell in width   (80 taxa)
    • 3. (inrad)somewhat radiate and equal or
      slightly large
      than bundle sheath cell in width   (13 taxa)
    • 4. (palis)differentiate to palisade and
      sponge tissue   (5 taxa)
    • 5. (isach)cells elongate and radiate upward
      like crab legs   (13 taxa)
    • 6. (armed)compact armed cells   (8 taxa)
    • 7. distinctive cells presented 特異細胞   (6 taxa)
55: bundle sheath 維管束鞘 [Unordered List]
    • 1. (dki)two bundle sheaths the inner one
      with conspicuous chloroplast   (3 taxa)
    • 2. (dko)two bundle sheaths the outer one
      with conspicuous chloroplast   (31 taxa)
    • 3. (nke)bundle sheaths without chloroplast   (28 taxa)
    • 4. (sk)single bundle sheath with
      conspicuous chloroplast   (58 taxa)
    • 5. (nks)bundle sheaths with
      small amount of chloroplast   (11 taxa)
56: buliform cells not well developed 泡狀細胞不發達 [Unordered List]
    • 1. (nobul)if present only along side of midrib   (9 taxa)
    • 2. (bsing)present as a single cell or paired
    • 3. (irreg)epidermal cells irregular in size   (13 taxa)
    • 4. (smreg)epidermal cells gradually enlarge
      from vein to intervein   (16 taxa)
57: buliform cells well developed 泡狀細胞發達 [Unordered List]
    • 1. mainly appear in adaxial side   (84 taxa)
    • 2. (bboth)appear both in adaxial and abaxial side   (6 taxa)
58: no small vein under buliform cells泡狀細胞下無小脈 [Unordered List]
    • 1. (fanfu)bulliform set fan shaped,
      cells similar in size   (9 taxa)
    • 2. (bcfan)bulliform cell with colorless cells
      extend beneath it   (25 taxa)
    • 3. (bctra)large central bulliform cell with
      colorless cells connect to epidermis   (1 taxon)
    • 4. (bcxst)bulliform cells with colorless cells
      form a X shape   (1 taxon)
    • 5. (bcnar)bulliform cell with colorless cells
      beneath it in row   (4 taxa)
59: with small vein under buliform cells泡狀細胞下有小脈 [Unordered List]
    • 1. (fansh)bulliform set shell-shaped or fan -shaped   (25 taxa)
    • 2. (bcarc)bulliform cell with colorless cells
      form an arc-shape   (17 taxa)
    • 3. (bchal)bulliform sets connect with colorless cells
      in long row   (2 taxa)
    • 4. (lareg)bulliform set olive-shaped sometimes
      with colorless cells   (2 taxa)
60: chlorenchyma cell number between two adjacent veins [Integer]
61: chloroplast form in bundle sheath 束鞘細胞內之葉綠體型式 [Unordered List]
    • 1. (not)no chloroplast   (26 taxa)
    • 2. (lit)with a little of chloroplast   (13 taxa)
    • 3. (inn)large amount and in centripetal site   (9 taxa)
    • 4. (out)large amount and in centrifugal site   (52 taxa)
    • 5. (per)large amount and in peripheral site   (33 taxa)
62: mestome sheath 內束鞘細胞 [Unordered List]
    • 1. (Xyms+)metaxylem pole adjacent with
      mestome sheath   (70 taxa)
    • 2. (Xyms -)metaxylem pole adjacent with
      outer bundle sheath   (60 taxa)
63: distance between two adjancent vein 脈間距 (micrometer) [Real Number]
64: length/weidth ratio of bundle sheath in LS 束鞘細胞縱面長寬比 [Integer]
65: chlorenchyma cell shape in LS 葉綠細胞縱面形狀 [Unordered List] 66: Goggle image search (http://images.google.com/images?q=) [Basic URL]
67: Vascular Plant Type Catalog at NYBG (http://www.nybg.org/bsci/hcol/vasc/) [Basic URL]
88: Pictures for illustrating anatomical characters (http://myweb.ncku.edu.tw/~kuohpopo/) [Basic URL]

Groups

  • 1: General
  • 2: Group 2
  • 3: Group 3
  • 4: Leaf anatomy

 

Acknowledgments: Thanks Hong Song for the merge of these two character sets.

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