Frequently Asked Questions
Using the family list, how can I get a list of genera?
Flora of China:
Click on the family name and follow the key to genera or click "lower taxa."
At the top of the page, click on the link for "family list".
Click on the hyperlinked number in parentheses ( ) at the end of the lead.
Click on the hyperlinked lower number in parentheses ( ) at the beginning of the lead.Flora Accounts Online page?
Click on the link to "Flora Online."Search page?
Click on the link for "Search."
In the "name" box, type the name of the genus followed by the wildcard "%"
Yes, searches can be multiple option. Enter text in search boxes, and choose options for as many categories as needed for the search.
Below each taxon account, please see
11. What is w3TROPICOS?
The w3TROPICOS site provides access to the Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) nomenclatural database and associated authority files. provides new and improved access to the Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST nomenclatural database and associated authority files. In this release (rev. 1.5), the following information is provided when present (* indicates a hypertext link to additional information about a name or reference):
Names data: Plant name and authors, Group and family placement, Place and date of publication, Type information, *Basionym, with place and date of publication, *Next Higher Taxon, with place and date of publication, *Other uses of this name, *Synonyms of this name, and *References for the alternate usage, *Homonyms and *Infraspecific names for species
Reference data: Author(s) of the publication, Date of publication, Title of the article, Journal or book title, Volume and page numbers, Keywords
Please click a flora tilte on the Flora Online page to see where to send your comments.
Check-out various applications for viewing Chinese characters on the web.
From the family and generic treatments, click on "Download the treatment (PDF)"; the PDF files can be read with Adobe Acrobat.
15. What is the FOC Checklist?
The FOC Checklist [FCC] project provides on-line access to the information being gathered on the 30,000 species of ferns and seed plants of China. Information on accepted species and recognized infraspecific taxa is provided. These data include: the place of publication for accepted taxa, location where accepted names of species appear in published volumes of both the Chinese-language Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae [FRPS] and English-language Flora of China [FoC] (as applicable) as well as other relevant bibliographic sources, the status of species and infraspecies in China (native, endemic, introduced, naturalized, cultivated), their distribution by province/shi/special areas within China, altitudinal ranges within China, and for those non-endemic taxa, their occurrence in countries neighboring China and distribution outside of Asia.
Please follow the "illustration" hyperlinks from the Accounts Online and from the Checklist for available Flora of China Illustrations. The TROPICOS image index is arranged by family, and includes other pertinent images.
Please follow the FOC Checklist link to locate available distribution maps.
18. What is the Hu Card Index?
The Hu Card Index is a file of 158,844 cards for Chinese plant names produced by Dr. Hu Shiu-ying (Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University). The Hu Card Index was prepared in the early 1950s when the Arnold Arboretum undertook a project to prepare a flora of China. Dr. Hu, working with a staff of four or five persons, searched all botanical literature (1753-1955) to locate all names that had ever been used for plants of China. The index itself is housed in the Harvard University Herbaria building where it is available for use in person. The card index was scanned and is available for browsing.
Taxa will be searched based on selected characters, with at least one matched state in each selected character.
The following features are currently available for the Internet Explorer browser:
Click on Character in left frame for state/value statistics, and available character notes.
Language box (where available, at bottom of character notes pages and individual taxon pages) Select language.
Dynamic Lookups (at bottom of resultant individual taxon pages) Click on links to Flora Online, TROPICOS, Google Image Search, etc. for related data and images.
Key Type box (currently available for Internet Explorer) Select List Key for an expanded list of characters. Select Tree Key for a condensed list of characters. Select Best Value Key for a list in "best character" order.