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Character/Data Set Information   

Monocot Plants (USDA)         Search


Character List

1: Habit [Unordered List]

    • 1. Aquatics growing in or on water   (16 taxa)
    • 2. Aquatic submerged   (9 taxa)
    • 4. Aquatic leaves floating   (11 taxa)
    • 5. Aquatic fresh water   (16 taxa)
    • 6. Aquatic marine   (4 taxa)
    • 11. Lianas or vines   (6 taxa)
    • 12. Pseudostem from leaf bases   (7 taxa)
    • 14. Saprophytes (lack chlorophyll)   (3 taxa)
2: Roots [Unordered List] 3: Stems [Unordered List] 4: Leaves [Unordered List]
    • 1. Leaves absent or scale-like   (3 taxa)
    • 2. Leaves - petiolate   (23 taxa)
    • 4. Leaves - sheathing at base   (50 taxa)
    • 5. Leaves - sheath open   (41 taxa)
    • 6. Leaves - sheath closed   (16 taxa)
    • 8. Leaves - compound   (2 taxa)
    • 10. Leaves - basal (rosette)   (40 taxa)
    • 11. Leaves - alternate   (56 taxa)
    • 12. Leaves - opposite   (4 taxa)
    • 13. Leaves - whorled   (8 taxa)
    • 14. Leaves - ensiform (sword-shaped)   (9 taxa)
    • 15. Leaves - unifacial   (5 taxa)
    • 16. Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous)   (35 taxa)
    • 17. Leaves - 3-ranked   (4 taxa)
    • 19. Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like)   (36 taxa)
    • 20. Leaves - blade broad   (24 taxa)
    • 21. Leaves - blades plicate   (3 taxa)
    • 22. Leaves - venetion parallel   (54 taxa)
    • 23. Leaves - venetion reticulate   (2 taxa)
    • 24. Leaves - venetion pinnate-parallel   (10 taxa)
    • 25. Leaves - venetion palmate   (5 taxa)
    • 26. Leaves - ligulate   (12 taxa)
    • 27. Leaves - dense and fibrous   (8 taxa)
    • 29. Leaves - succulent   (7 taxa)
    • 30. Leaves - surface with peltate scales   (2 taxa)
    • 31. Leaves - margins entire   (54 taxa)
    • 32. Leaves - margins and tip spiny   (4 taxa)
    • 33. Leaves - margins serrate   (5 taxa)
    • 34. Leaves - tip tendril   (2 taxa)
    • 35. Leaves with bidentate apex   (1 taxon)
    • 36. Leaves with sulfurous onion smell   (1 taxon)
5: Inflorescence [Unordered List] 6: Flowers [Unordered List]
    • 6. Perianth reduced to bristles or scales   (9 taxa)
    • 8. Flowers minute barely visible   (15 taxa)
    • 10. Flowers large and showy   (26 taxa)
    • 11. Flowers 2 merous   (5 taxa)
    • 13. Flowers 4 merous   (2 taxa)
    • 14. Flowers resupinate (180 degree twist)   (1 taxon)
    • 15. Flowers actinomorphic   (43 taxa)
    • 16. Flowers zygomorphic   (20 taxa)
    • 17. Flowers asymmetric   (3 taxa)
    • 18. Floral bracteoles present   (45 taxa)
    • 19. Glumes (empty bracts)   (3 taxa)
7: Sepals/Tepals [Unordered List]
    • 1. Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals)   (35 taxa)
    • 2. Sepals distinguishable from petals   (15 taxa)
    • 4. Sepals colored (not green)   (13 taxa)
8: Petals/Tepals [Unordered List] 9: Stamens [Unordered List]
    • 4. Stamens 4 (2+2)   (6 taxa)
    • 8. Stamens numerous   (3 taxa)
    • 9. Stamen filaments hairy   (3 taxa)
    • 10. Stamens unequal in length   (3 taxa)
    • 11. Staminodes present   (13 taxa)
    • 12. Stamens petaloid   (4 taxa)
    • 13. Stamens united with style in a column   (2 taxa)
    • 14. Pollen in large waxy pollinia   (1 taxon)
10: Pistil [Unordered List]
    • 1. Carpels separate (apocarpous)   (15 taxa)
    • 3. Carpels partially united   (8 taxa)
    • 11. Ovary on gynophore   (5 taxa)
    • 14. Styles 3 or 3-branched   (8 taxa)
    • 15. Style winged petaloid   (3 taxa)
    • 16. Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed   (51 taxa)
    • 17. Stigma lateral   (6 taxa)
    • 18. Stigma plumose or brush-like   (4 taxa)
    • 21. Placentation axile   (33 taxa)
    • 22. Placentation parietal   (7 taxa)
    • 23. Placentation laminar   (3 taxa)
    • 24. Placentation basal (or apical)   (18 taxa)
    • 25. Bulbils present in flowers   (1 taxon)
    • 26. Perigynium sac around ovary   (2 taxa)
11: Fruit [Unordered List]
    • 1. Fruit - achene (nutlet)   (9 taxa)
    • 2. Fruit - follicle   (8 taxa)
    • 6. Fruit - caryopsis   (2 taxa)
    • 7. Fruit - multiple   (2 taxa)
    • 9. Fruit - winged   (5 taxa)
12: Seeds [Unordered List]
    • 1. Seeds - single per locule   (23 taxa)
    • 2. Seeds - few (2-10) per locule   (28 taxa)
    • 3. Seeds - numerous per locule   (31 taxa)
    • 4. Seeds - minute dust-like   (3 taxa)
    • 5. Seeds - fused to ovary wall   (3 taxa)
    • 6. Seeds - with tuft of hair   (3 taxa)
    • 7. Seeds - lacking tuft of hair   (27 taxa)
    • 8. Seeds - keeled or winged   (8 taxa)
    • 9. Seeds - with embryostega   (1 taxon)
    • 10. Seeds - surface +/- smooth   (34 taxa)
    • 11. Seeds - surface rough or ribbed   (15 taxa)
    • 12. Seeds - round or ellipsoid   (38 taxa)
    • 13. Seeds U-shaped   (3 taxa)
    • 15. Seeds - compressed or flattened   (8 taxa)
    • 16. Seeds - arillate   (6 taxa)
    • 17. Seeds - elaiosome   (2 taxa)
    • 18. Seeds - black (phytomelan)   (12 taxa)

 

Copyright: USDA-NRCS National Plant Data Center/David Bogler

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