154. Amphiachyris (de Candolle) Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. 7: 313. 1840.
Broomweed [Greek amphi-, around, and achyron, chaff or husks, alluding to ring of pappus elements]
Guy L. Nesom
Brachyris Nuttall sect. Amphiachyris de Candolle, Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 7: 266. 1836
Annuals, 20–100(–200) cm (glabrous, with strong terpenoid smell when crushed; taprooted). Stems erect, usually branched distally (bases usually lignescent). Leaves cauline; alternate; sessile; blades (1- or 3-nerved) linear to lanceolate, margins entire, faces gland-dotted. Heads radiate, in paniculiform or corymbiform arrays. Involucres narrowly campanulate to turbinate, 2–4 mm diam. Phyllaries 12–15 in 1–2(–3) series, 1-nerved (nerves without green margins) ovate, unequal, proximal 2 / 3 indurate, margins hyaline, faces whitish resinous. Receptacles flat to slightly convex, smooth (glabrous or hairy with multicellular, 1-seriate hairs), epaleate. Ray florets 7–12, pistillate, fertile; corollas yellow, sometimes drying orange-tinged. Disc florets 10–21, functionally staminate; corollas yellow, tubes shorter than cylindric throats, lobes 5, erect, deltate; style-branch appendages fused ( pappi of 5–8 white, basally connate, linear, spatulate-tipped scales in 1 series, ± equaling corollas). Cypselae (ray, purplish black) obovoid-turbinate, plump, 4–9-ribbed (apices attenuate to slightly clavate), faces densely long- or short-setulose (hairs appressed, white), mostly occurring in lines between ribs; pappi coroniform. x = 4, 5.
Species 2 (2 in the flora): c United States.
Amphiachyris was recently treated within a more inclusive Gutierrezia (G. M. Diggs et al. 1999); apparently, it is more closely related to monotypic Thurovia than to Gutierrezia (Y. Suh and B. B. Simpson 1990). Amphiachyris is distinguished from Gutierrezia by a combination of glandular hairs only on the abaxial leaf faces, functionally staminate disc florets, disc pappi of basally connate, narrowly spatulate scales ± equaling corollas, and abaxial nerves of the phyllaries without green borders.