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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 5 | Polygonaceae

20. Antigonon Endlicher, Gen. Pl. 4: 310. 1837.

Coralvine, Mexican creeper, corona de la reina, Confederate-vine [etymology uncertain; perhaps Greek anti-, against, and gony, knee, alluding to angled stems, or Greek anti-, in place of, and genus Polygonum, alluding to affinity]

Craig C. Freeman

Vines, perennial [annual]; roots tuberous. Stems scandent, tendril-bearing, pubescent or glabrous; tendrils terminal and axillary, branched. Leaves deciduous or persistent, cauline, alternate, petiolate; ocrea usually deciduous, chartaceous; blade broadly ovate to deltate or truncate, margins entire, sometimes undulate. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, often clustered near tips of stems, racemelike, pedunculate. Pedicels present. Flowers bisexual, (1-)2-5 per ocreate fascicle, base stipelike; perianth accrescent in fruit, pink to purple or, rarely, white or yellowish, campanulate, glabrous; tepals 5, connate proximally, petaloid, dimorphic, outer 3 broader than inner 2; stamens (7-)8(-9); filaments connate ca. 1/ 2 their length, forming staminal tube, adnate to perianth tube, glandular-pubescent; anthers yellow to reddish, ovate to elliptic; styles 3, recurved, distinct; stigmas reniform-capitate. Achenes included in membranous perianth, brown, unwinged, subglobose to bluntly 3-gonous proximally, 3-gonous distally, glabrous or pubescent. Seeds: embryo straight. x = 20.

Species ca. 6 (1 in the flora): introduced; subtropical and tropical, s North America (including Mexico), West Indies, Central America, South America.

Lower Taxon


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