18. Batesimalva Fryxell, Bol. Soc. Bot. México. 35: 25, fig. 1. 1975.
Bates’s mallow [For David M. Bates, b. 1935, American botanist, and Latin malva, mallow] Bates’s mallow [For David M. Bates, b. 1935, American botanist, and Latin malva, mallow]
Paul A. Fryxell
Steven R. Hill
Shrubs [herbs]. Stems usually erect, hairy, not viscid. Leaves: stipules persistent, filiform, sometimes absent; blade ovate to ovate-lanceolate, not dissected or parted, base cordate, margins coarsely crenate. Inflorescences axillary, solitary flowers or 2–4-flowered clusters; involucel absent. Flowers: calyx not accrescent, not inflated, ca. 1/2-divided, shorter than mature fruit, lobes unribbed, lanceolate to ovate; corolla blue-violet [bluish lavender, white, or yellow]; staminal column included; style 8–10[–16]-branched; stigmas capitate. Fruits schizocarps, erect or semipendent, inflated, disciform, prominently lobed, papery, minutely tomentose; mericarps 8–10[–16], 2-celled, without dorsal spur, apex rounded, proximal cell indehiscent, enclosing 1 seed (each seed covered by endoglossum), distal cell dehiscent, empty (by ovule abortion), unwinged. Seeds 1 per mericarp, subglabrous to sparsely hairy. x = 16.
Species 5 (1 in the flora): Texas, n Mexico, n South America (w Venezuela).