1. Claopodium (Lesquereux & James) Renauld & Cardot, Rev. Bryol. 20: 16. 1893. • [Greek klao, break, and podion, little foot, apparently alluding to fragile setae].
Judith A. Harpel
Hypnum subg. Claopodium Lesquereux & James, Man., 317, 327. 1884
Plants small to medium-sized, in creeping mats, green to yellowish. Stems irregularly to regularly pinnate; paraphyllia absent or few, scalelike or squamiform, cells smooth or papillose; rhizoids often arising from base of leaves. Stem and branch leaves similar. Stem leaves crisped, incurved to slightly contorted when dry, erect and spreading when moist, ovate, ovate-lanceolate, or lanceolate, not plicate; margins plane, serrate or entire, ; apex gradually or abruptly acuminate, hair-point present or absent; costa single, ending before apex, , straight distally; alar cells not differentiated; medial and distal laminal cells quadrate-hexagonal, oblong, or rhomboidal, finely and obscurely 1- or multipapillose over lumen, walls moderately thick. Specialized asexual reproduction absent. Sexual condition dioicous; perichaetial leaves pale translucent, longer, apex more acuminate. Seta to 2 cm. Capsule inclined to horizontal, oblong-oval, asymmetric; annulus present; operculum conic- to long-rostrate; peristome well developed; exostome teeth lanceolate, densely cross striate-papillose basally, papillose distally; endostome basal membrane high, segments slender, cilia long. Spores 9-21 µm, smooth or papillose.
Species 8 (4 in the flora): w North America, Mexico, w Europe, e Asia, Pacific Islands (Hawaii).
Claopodium is a genus of small plants with creeping stems, short, papillose laminal cells, pellucid costa, and asymmetric brown capsules with a well-developed peristome. The leaves are broad at the base; the capsules have short necks, are constricted below the mouth when dry, and have bordered exostome teeth and nodose endostome cilia. The genus is somewhat heterogeneous, as C. whippleanum lacks hair-points and superficially is similar to Leskea. Recent phylogenetic work suggests that Claopodium is related to Anomodon (Anomodontaceae).
SELECTED REFERENCE Noguchi, A. 1964. A revision of the genus Claopodium. J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 27: 20-46.