29. Coeloglossum Hartman, Handb. Skand. Fl. 329. 1820.
Frog-orchis, long-bracted orchid [Greek koilos, hollow, and glossa, tongue]
Charles J. Sheviak & Paul M. Catling
Herbs, perennial, rather succulent. Roots both slender and palmately divided tuberoids, fascicled, fleshy. Stems leafy. Leaves several, alternate, ascending to recurved, not petiolate; blade obovate to oblanceolate to lanceolate, base sheathing. Inflorescences terminal, spicate racemes, lax to rather dense; floral bracts prominently exserted, foliaceous, often large. Flowers few to many, resupinate; lip notched to 3-lobed; lateral lobes prominent, middle lobe reduced, base elongated into short, saccate to scrotiform spur; pollinaria 2; pollinia 2; viscidia enclosed within membrane; stigmas 2-labiate, concave. Fruits capsules, ascending, ellipsoid.
Species 1: circumpolar.