3. Daphne Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 356. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 167. 1754.
[Greek, laurel] [Greek, laurel]
Lorin I. Nevling Jr.
Shrubs, deciduous or evergreen, to 1.5 m. Stems erect, procumbent, or prostrate, branched, not jointed, thick, glabrous or glabrescent. Leaves clustered distally, sessile or subsessile; blade obovate or oblong to lanceolate, surfaces glabrous or hairy. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, capitate, fasciculate, or racemose, flowers sessile [petiolate]; bracts 0. Flowers: hypanthium tubular to narrowly funnelform; calyx 4-lobed, lobes spreading or slightly reflexed; petals absent; stamens 8, usually included, in distal 1/2 of tube; style included, short or absent; stigma capitate. Fruits drupaceous, yellow, red, or black, fleshy, hypanthium not persistent.
Species 70 (2 in the flora): introduced; s, c Europe, n Africa, Asia; temperate and subtropical, widely cultivated in temperate areas.
SELECTED REFERENCES Brickell C. D. and B. Mathew. 1976. Daphne: The Genus in the Wild and in Cultivation. Woking. Halda, J. J. 2001. The Genus Daphne. Dobré.