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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Hydrocharitaceae

6. Egeria Planchon, Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique. sér. 3, 11: 79. 1849.

South American elodea [Latin egeri, a nymph, in reference to aquatic habitat]

Plants perennial, of fresh waters. Rhizomes and stolons absent. Erect stems rooted in substrate, branched or unbranched, elongate. Leaves cauline, in whorls of 5 or more [opposite], submersed, sessile; blade linear, base sloping to stem, apex obtuse; midvein without rows of lacunae along side(s), blade uniform in color throughout;; abaxially surface without prickles or aerenchyma; intravaginal squamules entire. Inflorescences 1-flowered, sessile; spathes not winged. Flowers unisexual, staminate and pistillate on different plants, projected to surface by slender, elongate floral tube base, pedicellate; petals white. Staminate flowers: filaments distinct; anthers linear; pollen in monads. Pistillate flowers: ovary 1-locular; styles 3, not 2-fid. Fruits ovoid, smooth, dehiscing irregularly. Seeds fusiform, mucilaginous.

Species 2 (1 in the flora): introduced, North America; Central America; South America; Eurasia; Africa; Australia.


Cook, C. D. K., and K. Urmi-König. 1984b. A revision of the genus Egeria (Hydrocharitaceae). Aquatic Bot. 19: 73--96. St. John, H. 1961. Monograph of the genus Egeria Planchon. Darwiniana 12: 293--307.

Lower Taxon


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