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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Crassulaceae

3. Kalanchoe Adanson, Fam. Pl. 2: 248. 1763.

[Apparently from Chinese name for one of the species] [Apparently from Chinese name for one of the species]

Reid V. Moran

Herbs [shrubs], perennial, not viviparous, 0.3-6 dm, glabrous or pubescent. Stems erect [scandent], branching, succulent. Leaves persistent, cauline, opposite [alternate], petiolate [sessile], base (or petiole) often subclasping; petiole to 20 cm; blade elliptic, ovate, obovate, or oblong-spatulate, laminar, 3-20 cm, fleshy, base not spurred, margins entire, crenate-dentate, or lobed; veins not conspicuous. Inflorescences terminal [lateral] cymes, often paniculate. Pedicels present. Flowers erect, 4-merous; sepals connate basally, all alike; petals erect or spreading, connate into 4-gonal, flask-shaped tube, yellow, orange, or red; calyx and corolla not circumscissile in fruit; nectaries subquadrate to linear; stamens [4] usually 8; filaments adnate near top of corolla tube; pistils (connivent), erect, (nearly distinct); ovary base tapered; styles mostly 2+ times shorter than ovary. Fruits erect. Seeds ellipsoid, ribbed, finely cross-ribbed. x = 18.

Species ca. 75 (3 in the flora): introduced, Florida; South America (Brazil), s Asia, Africa, Indian Ocean Islands (Madagascar).

Some species of Kalanchoe are grown as houseplants or as greenhouse plants, or in warm climates as rock-garden plants. Bryophyllum, often included, is treated here as a separate genus.


1 Inflorescences glandular-pubescent.   1 Kalanchoe integra
+ Inflorescences glabrous or pubescent, not glandular   (2)
       
2 (1) Corollas yellow or yellowish orange, tube 20 mm, lobes 25 mm.   2 Kalanchoe laciniata
+ Corollas scarlet, tube 8 mm, lobes 4 mm.   3 Kalanchoe blossfeldiana

Lower Taxa


 

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