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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Magnoliaceae

2. Liriodendron Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 535. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 239, 1754.

[Greek lirion, lily, and dendron, tree]

Tulipifera Miller

Trees , deciduous. Pith diaphragmed. Leaves distinctly alternate, not in false terminal whorl; stipules tardily deciduous on summer shoots, free. Leaf blade evenly (2-)4-6(-10)-lobed, base rounded to shallowly cordate or truncate, apex broadly truncate or notched; surfaces abaxially glaucous, adaxially lustrous, smooth. Flowers protogynous, appearing with the leaves; tepals (7-)9, petaloid, tip recurved, greenish yellow with feathered orange band or blotch near base, outermost tepals sepaloid, reflexed, green; stamens on short torus, tardily deciduous, whorled; filaments 1/3-1/2 length of extrorse anthers. Samaras deciduous, indehiscent, in elongate, spindle-shaped, dry cone. Seeds adherent to dry endocarp. x =19.

Species 2 (1 in the flora): North America, e Asia.


Berry, E. W. 1901. The origin of stipules in Liriodendron. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 493-498. Santamour, F. S. Jr. and F. G. Meyer. 1971. The two tuliptrees. Amer. Hort. Mag. 50(2): 87-89.

Lower Taxon


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