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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Berberidaceae

1. Nandina Thunberg, Nov. Gen. Pl. 1: 14. 1781.

[Chinese name meaning "plant from the south"]

R. David Whetstone, T.A. Atkinson & Daniel D. Spaulding

Shrubs , evergreen, to ca. 2 m, glabrous. Rhizomes absent. Aerial stems monomorphic, mostly unbranched, with leaves densely clustered mostly along distal 1/3 of plant. Leaves persistent, alternate, 2-3-pinnately compound; petiole attached at base of blade, petioles and petiolules swollen at base. Leaf blade broadly ovate in overall outline, 30-50 cm; leaflet blades elliptic to ovate to lanceolate, margins entire; venation pinnate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary panicles of dozens to hundreds of flowers. Flowers 3-merous, 5-7 mm; bracteoles present; all perianth parts caducous, cream to white; sepals and petals intergrading, 27-36; nectariferous petals absent; stamens 6; anthers dehiscing by longitudinal slits; pollen exine punctate; ovary club-shaped; placentation submarginal; style central. Fruits berries, red to purplish, orbicular. Seeds 1-3, grayish or brownish; aril absent.

Species 1 (1 in the flora): North America, Asia.

Nandina is treated as a separate family, Nandinaceae, by A. Takhtajan (1986).


Nakai, T. 1915-1936. Flora Sylvatica Koreana.... 22 parts. Seoul and Keijyo. Part 21, pp. 61-62. Shen Y. 1954. Phylogeny and wood anatomy of Nandina. Taiwania 5: 89-91.

Lower Taxon


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