All Floras      Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 21 Page 415, 416, 453 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae

390. Psilostrophe de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 7: 261. 1838.

[Greek psilo-, bare, and strophe, turn; perhaps alluding to epaleate receptacles, which differ from paleate receptacles in Parthenium, to which de Candolle compared Psilostrophe]

John L. Strother

Biennials, perennials, subshrubs, or shrubs (rarely flowering first year), 8–60+ cm. Stems erect to spreading, branched from bases or throughout (not scapiform). Leaves basal and cauline or all cauline; alternate; petiolate or sessile; blades spatulate to oblanceolate or linear, margins usually entire (sometimes toothed or lobed on larger rosette leaves), faces densely to sparsely arachno-villous or ± strigillose, often gland-dotted as well. Heads radiate, usually in compact, corymbiform arrays or glomerulate clusters (borne singly in P. cooperi). Involucres cylindric to campanulate or obconic, 2–7 mm diam. Phyllaries persistent, 5–12 in 1–2 series (erect in fruit, distinct, oblong to lanceolate, bases ± indurate). Receptacles flat or convex, smooth or ± pitted (without setiform enations, sometimes gland-dotted), epaleate. Ray florets 1–8, pistillate, fertile; corollas yellow to orange (marcescent, spreading or reflexed in fruit). Disc florets 5–25+, bisexual, fertile; corollas yellow to orange, tubes shorter than narrowly cylindric throats, lobes 5, deltate (equal, papillate abaxially). Cypselae cylindric to clavate or obpyramidal, sometimes weakly obcompressed (ray), all striate-ribbed, usually glabrous, sometimes gland-dotted (villous in P. gnaphalodes, sometimes hirtellous in P. tagetina); pappi of 4–8 ± oblong or elliptic to lanceolate or lance-subulate, entire (lacerate in P. gnaphalodes) scales (without prominent midribs). x = 16.

Species 7 (6 in the flora): United States, Mexico.

My treatment of psilostrophes closely follows that by R. C. Brown (1978). Psilostrophe mexicana R. C. Brown is known from Chihuahua and Durango.


Brown, R. C. 1978. Biosystematics of Psilostrophe (Compositae: Helenieae). II. Artificial hybridization and systematic treatment. Madroño 25: 187–201. Turner, B. L., M. W. Turner, and J. C. Crutchfield. 1988. Populational analyses and new combinations in Psilostrophe tagetina and P. gnaphalodes (Asteraceae, Heliantheae). Phytologia 65: 231–240.

1 Subshrubs or shrubs; stems pannose (white); heads borne singly; peduncles 35–60(–80+) mm   1 Psilostrophe cooperi
+ Biennials or perennials; stems arachno-villous (gray to gray-green) or strigillose (greenish); heads in corymbiform arrays; peduncles 0.5–25(–50) mm   (2)
2 (1) Stems ± strigillose, (greenish, sometimes ± villous in proximal axils); ray laminaereflexed in fruit   2 Psilostrophe sparsiflora
+ Stems mostly arachno-villous (gray to gray-green); ray laminae spreading in fruit   (3)
3 (2) Involucres 7–9(–12) mm; disc florets (10–)12–15(–20); pappus scales oblong to ovate, 1.5–2 mm   3 Psilostrophe bakeri
+ Involucres 4–6(–8) mm; disc florets 5–8(–12); pappus scales elliptic or lanceolate to linear-subulate, 2–3+ mm   (4)
4 (3) Cypselae villous   4 Psilostrophe gnaphalodes
+ Cypselae usually glabrous, sometimes hirtellous and/or gland-dotted   (5)
5 (4) Peduncles (3–)12–20(–40) mm; ray laminae (5–)7–14+ mm   5 Psilostrophe tagetina
+ Peduncles (0.5–)1–3(–5+) mm; ray laminae 3–4(–6) mm   6 Psilostrophe villosa

Lower Taxa


 |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |