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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 19, 20 and 21 | Asteraceae

56. Rhagadiolus Jussieu, Gen. Pl. 168. 1789.

[Greek rhagado, crack or split, and -olus, diminutive, perhaps alluding to gaps between margins of enfolding phyllaries]

John L. Strother

Annuals, 5–60+ cm; taprooted. Stems usually 1, erect, branched distally, glabrous. Leaves basal and cauline (mostly cauline at flowering); basal sessile or ± petiolate, distal ± sessile; blades ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate or linear (often runcinate), margins entire or dentate to pinnately lobed (faces glabrous or ± hispid). Heads in ± corymbiform arrays (terminal heads often surpassed by others). Peduncles not inflated, rarely bracteolate. Calyculi of 5, ovate to deltate bractlets. Involucres campanulate to cylindric, 2–4+ mm diam. (larger in fruit). Phyllaries (3–)5–8 in 1 series (closely enfolding ovaries/cypselae of subtended florets; ± patent in fruit), linear, equal, margins often scarious, apices acuminate (abaxially glabrous or ± hispid to scabrous). Receptacles ± flat, smooth or ± pitted, glabrous, epaleate. Florets 5–6(–10+); corollas yellow. Cypselae brownish, heteromorphic; outer (tardily falling with enfolding phyllary) ± terete, narrowed distally, straight to arcuate, not beaked, ribs 0, faces glabrous; inner (readily falling) terete, straight to ± coiled, faces glabrous or closely hirtellous; pappi 0. x = 5.

Species 1 or 2 (1 in the flora): introduced; Europe, Africa.

Lower Taxon


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