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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 14 | Solanaceae

25. Salpichroa Miers, London J. Bot. 4: 321. 1845.

[Greek salpinx, trumpet, and chroa, color or complexion, alluding to flowers]

Philip D. Jenkins†

Herbs, perennial, [shrubs], rhizomatous, pubescent, hairs simple, short, unicellular, or glabrate. Stems scandent [prostrate, decumbent, or pendent], branched. Leaves subopposite or geminate. Inflorescences axillary, solitary flowers [rarely paired]. Flowers 5-merous; calyx not accrescent, campanulate, lobes 5, linear [acute-triangular or narrowly ovate]; corolla greenish yellow to white [sulphur yellow, pinkish], radial, urceolate [cylindric or urceolate-cylindric], lobes triangular [linear, cuspidate, subulate, or narrowly ovate], revolute [spreading or reflexed]; stamens 5, inserted in adaxial 1/2 of tube, or near mouth of corolla, equal; anthers dorsifixed, oblong, dehiscing by longitudinal slits; ovary 2-carpellate; style (exserted or not), slender, straight; stigma capitate. Fruits berries, ovoid-oblong [ellipsoid], juicy. Seeds (10–20), reniform. x = 12.

Species 21 (1 in the flora): introduced; South America, introduced also in Europe, Africa, Australia.

All species of Salpichroa except S. origanifolia are Andean. A 2018 paper by C. Carrizo García et al. indicates that Nectouxia and Salpichroa should be combined into a single genus. In that case Nectouxia would have priority, requiring name changes for over 20 Salpichroa species. A proposal is under consideration to conserve the name Salpichroa over Nectouxia (G. E. Barboza et al. 2016).

Lower Taxon


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