265. Sanvitalia Lamarck, J. Hist. Nat. 2: 176, plate 33. 1792.
[Etymology unclear; possibly for some member of the Italian family Sanvitali or for a Spanish botanist named Sanvital]
John L. Strother
Annuals or perennials, (3–)10–30 cm. Stems prostrate to erect, branched from bases or ± throughout. Leaves cauline; opposite; petiolate or sessile; blades obovate or spatulate to linear, bases rounded to ± cuneate, margins entire [toothed or lobed], faces hairy. Heads radiate, borne singly. Involucres hemispheric to ± rotate, 4–12+ mm diam. Phyllaries persistent, 8–21 in 2–3 series (lanceolate to linear, outer distally herbaceous, others each with stiff, subulate appendage). Receptacles convex to conic, paleate (paleae conduplicate, scarious). Ray florets 5–20, pistillate, fertile; corollas white or yellow (laminae sessile, persistent, becoming papery). Disc florets 15–60, bisexual, fertile; corollas distally yellow to orange (sometimes drying white), tubes much shorter than funnelform throats, lobes 5, deltate. Cypselae ± terete or obscurely 3–4-angled to compressed or flattened (all usually tuberculate and usually bearing uncinate hairs; none, some, or all in each head winged); pappi persistent, of 3–4 awns. x = 8, 11.
Species 5 (3 in the flora): sw United States, Mexico, Central America, South America.
Strother, J. L. 1979. Extradition of Sanvitalia tenuis to Zinnia (Compositae–Heliantheae). Madroño 26: 173–179. Torres, A. M. 1964. Revision of Sanvitalia (Compositae–Heliantheae). Brittonia 16: 417–433.