285. Wedelia Jacquin, Enum. Syst. Pl. 8, 28. 1760.
[For George Wolfgang Wedel, 1645–1721, botanist/professor at Jena]
John L. Strother
Subshrubs or shrubs [annuals, perennials], 10–50(–100)[–250] cm. Stems mostly erect, branched from bases and/or throughout. Leaves cauline; opposite; petiolate or sessile; blades (3-nerved [pinnately nerved]) trullate to lanceolate or lance-linear [deltate, elliptic, filiform, linear, ovate], sometimes ± 3-lobed, bases cuneate to truncate, margins coarsely toothed to subentire, faces hispid [scabrous to scabrellous or strigose to strigillose, ± sericeous, often with finer, uncinate hairs as well], usually gland-dotted. Heads radiate (discoid), borne singly [in corymbiform arrays]. Involucres obconic to hemispheric, 4–8[–15] mm diam. Phyllaries persistent, 8–16+ in 2–3+ series (outer usually larger and/or more herbaceous than inner). Receptacles convex, paleate (paleae conduplicate, chartaceous to scarious). Ray florets 0 or 4–18, pistillate, fertile [neuter]; corollas yellow to orange [purplish or white]. Disc florets 8–150+, bisexual, fertile; corollas yellow to orange [purplish], sometimes marked with purple, tubes shorter than or equaling funnelform or cylindric throats, lobes 5, deltate. Cypselae ± dimorphic; peripheral sometimes obcompressed and weakly 3-angled, inner compressed and biconvex or flattened [somewhat 4-angled] (some or all winged, all ± rostrate, bearing central neck or boss apically, some or all each bearing wartlike elaiosome at base); pappi persistent, cyathiform (fimbriate cups plus 0–3 coarse bristles or awns borne together on rostra). x = 13?
Species 25+ (1 in the flora): tropical and subtropical New World.
African aspilias may belong within Wedelia.
Wedelia glauca is treated herein as Pascalia glauca, W. trilobata as Sphagneticola trilobata. A report of Stemmodontia asperrima (Sprengel) C. Mohr from ballast may be source of reports of W. calycina Richard or W. frutescens Jacquin from Alabama. I have seen no specimens to support those reports.