1. Tayloria lingulata (Dickson) Lindberg, Musc. Scand. 19. 1879.
Splachnum lingulatum Dickson, Fasc. Pl. Crypt. Brit. 4: 4, plate 10, fig. 6. 1801; Weissia turbinata Drummond
Plants 3-4 cm, in loose tufts, brown proximally, green distally. Stems sometimes branched. Leaves moderately crowded, somewhat contorted when dry, lingulate, 2-4 × 1-1.4 mm; margins plane or recurved proximally, entire or nearly so, sometimes with blunt teeth; apex obtuse to rounded; costa ending before apex. Specialized asexual reproduction absent. Sexual condition autoicous, sometimes apparently dioicous. Seta bright red, 1.5-4 cm, flexuose, slender. Capsule ± ovoid, 1.5-2.5 mm including hypophysis; hypophysis concolorous or slightly darker than urn, as long as urn; columella included; operculum deciduous, convex, nearly flat when dry, apex bluntly and obliquely umbonate to short-rostrate; peristome inserted somewhat below mouth; prostome present as small, brownish, papillose fragments; exostome teeth 16, not split, erect when dry, deep yellow or orange-yellow, broadly lanceolate. Spores 26-45 µm, smooth.
Capsules mature summer. Damp soil, humus, mud rich in organic matter such as insect exuviae or bird droppings; low to high elevations; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Man., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., Nunavut, Ont., Que., Yukon; Alaska, Calif., Wash.; n, c Europe; Asia; Atlantic Islands (Iceland).
Tayloria lingulata is distinguished by its tongue-shaped leaves. Also, the setae are relatively slender. The 16 exostome teeth are separate and erect, and the short, broad urn is about as long as the hypophysis.