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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 20 | Asteraceae | Bellis

1. Bellis perennis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 886. 1753.

English daisy, pâquerette commune

Rhizomes short, erect, herbaceous. Leaves: petioles winged, equaling or longer than blades; blades 6–40 × 4–20 mm, bases ± attenuate, apices rounded. Peduncles lax, (3–)5–15(–20) cm. Phyllaries: margins ciliolate, particularly distally, apices obtuse. Ray corollas 4–8(–11) mm. Disc corollas 1.5 mm. Cypselae 1–2 mm. 2n = 18.

Flowering spring–summer. Lawns and moist, waste places, roadsides; 0–500+ m; introduced; B.C., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., Que.; Alaska, Calif., Conn., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Ky., Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., N.H., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., Tenn., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis.; Europe; Asia; Pacific Islands (Hawaii, New Zealand); introduced in South America.

There is an old report of Bellis perennis from St. Pierre and Miquelon; it is not established there. It might not have persisted in Alaska. The species is used in homeopathic medicine, as a tea and as a vitamin supplement. It is also a widely planted ornamental.


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