2. Leucanthemum maximum (Ramond) de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 6: 46. 1838.
Chrysanthemum maximum Ramond, Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 2: 140. 1800
Perennials, 20–60(–80+) cm. Stems simple or distally branched. Basal leaves: petioles 50–80(–200+) mm, expanding into obovate to spatulate blades 50–80(–120+) × 15–25(–35+) mm, margins not lobed, usually toothed, rarely entire. Cauline leaves petiolate or sessile; blades oblanceolate to lanceolate or linear, 50–120+ × 8–22+ mm, margins of mid-stem leaves usually entire proximally, regularly serrate distally. Involucres 18–28+ mm diam. Phyllaries (the larger) 2–3 mm wide. Ray florets 21–34+; laminae 20–30(–40+) mm. Ray cypselae 2–3(–4) mm, apices usually bare, rarely obscurely auriculate. 2n = 90, 108.
Flowering spring–summer. Disturbed sites, meadows, seeps, clearings; 0–1500+ m; introduced; Ala., Calif., Wyo.; w Europe (widely cultivated, sparingly adventive).
The name Shasta daisy of horticulture is associated also with Leucanthemum ×superbum (Bergmans ex J. Ingram) Bergmans ex D. H. Kent, which is generally thought to have been derived from hybrids between L. maximum and L. lacustre. Cultivars of "Shasta daisy" number in the dozens, including "single," "double," "quill," and "shaggy" forms; they may be encountered as waifs or persisting from abandoned plantings.