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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Potamogetonaceae | Potamogeton

33. Potamogeton perfoliatus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 126. 1753 (as perfoliatum).

Potamot perfolié

Rhizomes present. Cauline stems terete, without spots, to 250 cm; nodal glands absent. Turions absent. Leaves submersed, ± spirally arranged, sessile, lax; stipules deteriorating into fibers and deciduous, inconspicuous (absent on proximal portion of stem), convolute, free from blade, light brown to green, not ligulate, 3.5--6.5 cm, not fibrous, not shredding at apex; blade olive-green, broadly lanceolate, orbiculate, or ovate, not arcuate, 0.9--7.6(--9.7) cm ´ 7--40 mm, base rounded, without basal lobes, clasping, margins entire, often crispate, apex not hoodlike, not splitting when pressed, round, rarely acute; veins 3--25. Inflorescences unbranched, emersed; peduncles not dimorphic, terminal or axillary, erect to rarely recurved, cylindric, 1--7.3 cm; spike not dimorphic, cylindric, 0.4--4.8 cm. Fruits sessile, greenish brown to olive-green, obovoid, turgid or rarely concave, not abaxially or laterally keeled, 1.6--3 ´ 1.3--2.2 mm; beak erect, 0.4--0.6 mm; sides without basal tubercles; embryo with 1 full spiral. 2n = 52.

Flowering summer--fall. Waters, often brackish, of lakes, streams, rivers, and bays; 0--100 m; Greenland; St. Pierre and Miquelon; N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que.; Ala., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., La., Maine, Md., Mass., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Vt., Va.; Central America (Guatemala); Eurasia; Africa; Australia.

Four hybrids, Potamogeton perfoliatus ´ P. praelongus (= P. ´ cognatus Ascherson & Graebner), P. perfoliatus ´ P. pusillus (= P. ´ mysticus Morong), P. gramineus ´ P. perfoliatus (= P. ´ nitens Weber [P. ´ subnitens Hagström]), and P. alpinus ´ P. perfoliatus (= P. ´ prussicus Hagström), have been described.


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