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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 23 | Cyperaceae | Fimbristylis

10. Fimbristylis squarrosa Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 289. 1805 (as squarrosum).

Fimbristylis comata Nees; F. hirta (Kunth) Roemer & Schultes; Isolepis hirta Kunth; Pocronostylis squarrosus (Vahl) Bertoloni

Plants annual, cespitose, delicate, to 30(–40) cm, bases soft; rhizomes absent. Leaves polystichous, spreading to ascending, to 1/2 length of culms or longer; sheaths entire or ciliate distally, backs hirtellous; ligule absent; blades linear-filiform, 0.5 mm wide, flat or involute, scabrid ciliate, often abaxially hirtellous. Inflorescences: anthelae simple or compound, mostly open, ascending-branched, mostly longer than broad; scapes filiform, 0.5 mm wide, distally compressed, mostly glabrous; longer involucral bracts leafy, equaling or exceeded by anthela. Spikelets greenish brown or brownish, lanceoloid or narrowly ellipsoid-cylindric, 4–5 mm; fertile scales ovate, acute, glabrous, midrib excurrent as slender, excurved cusp. Flowers: stamens 1; styles 2-fid, slender, base flat, long-fimbriate, hairs recurved over achene summit. Achenes pale brown, lenticular, obovoid, 0.9 mm, smooth or very finely reticulate.

Moist sands or silts, low clearings, fields; low to high elevations; introduced; N.J.; West Indies (Cuba); Central America (Honduras); South America; Asia; Africa; Indian Ocean Islands; Pacific Islands.

Fimbristylis squarrosa is an Old World temperate to tropical weed, mostly of Asia and Africa.

While Fimbristylis squarrosa has been collected only once in North America from ballast at Camden, New Jersey (C. F. Parker, in 1865), the weedy and often ruderal nature of the species makes it a likely future adventive.


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