2. Allium victorialis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 295. 1753.
Allium victorialis subsp. platyphyllum Hultén
Bulbs 1–several, attached to ± oblique rhizome, cylindric-conic, 5–6 × 1–2 cm; outer coats enclosing 1 or more bulbs, light brown to grayish brown, reticulate, cells fine-meshed, open, ± fibrous; inner coat white to light brown, not appearing cellular, 10–18-veined, veins prominent, parallel. Leaves persistent, green at anthesis, 2–3, sheathing proximal 1/3–1/2 scape; blade solid, flat, narrowly lanceolate to broadly elliptic, 10–20 cm × 15–90 mm, base evidently petiolate, margins entire; petiole 1–20 cm. Scape persistent, solitary, erect, terete distally, 2-edged proximally, 30–70 cm × 2–3 mm. Umbel persistent, erect, loose, 20–35-flowered, hemispheric, bulbels unknown; spathe bracts persistent, 1–2, 3–6-veined, lanceolate to ovate, ± equal, apex obtuse, nearly beakless. Flowers stellate, 4–5 mm; tepals spreading, white or greenish white, outer lanceolate, inner narrowly ovate, ± equal, reflexed in age, withering in fruit, margins entire, apex acute or obtuse; stamens exserted; anthers yellow; pollen yellow; ovary crestless; style exserted, linear, equaling stamens or longer; stigma capitate, scarcely thickened; pedicel 10–30 mm. Seed coat not known.
Flowering Jul--Aug. Rocky areas; 0--30 m; Alaska; e Asia.
Allium victorialis is found in North America only on Attu Island, where it is reported to be native, and on Unalaska Island, where it is reported to be introduced from Attu Island. Within this species, various subspecies and varieties have been described, but, as circumscribed, they are not clearly distinct. The North American plants have been known as subsp. platyphyllum, but until the variation within this widespread species can be worked out along natural lines, recognition of infraspecific taxa seems pointless.