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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Iridaceae | Belamcanda

1. Belamcanda chinensis (Linnaeus) de Candolle in P. J. Redouté, Liliac. 3(21): plate 121. 1805.

Ixia chinensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 36. 1753; Gemmingia chinensis (Linnaeus) Kuntze

Plants 0.6–1 m. Rhizomes just below ground level, horizontal, flesh usually orange. Stems usually 3–5-branched. Leaves 8–14 per stem; blade narrowly lanceolate, 1/2 to ± equaling stem, 10–20 mm wide, glaucous. Rhipidia usually 3–6-flowered; spathes ± equal, 10–20 mm. Tepals ascending proximally, ± spreading distally, light orange to reddish (rarely yellow), with large, irregularly scattered spots of darker pigment, lanceolate, 16–35 mm; filaments (6–)10–12 mm; anthers 6–8 mm; ovary narrowly ovoid-3-angled, (4–)6–8 mm; style 3-angled proximally, thickened in distal 1/2, dividing opposite anther apices, branches ca. 2 mm. Capsules ovoid, 18–26 mm, apex truncate. Seeds persisting on placentas after capsule dehiscence, black, ca. 4 mm diam., shiny.

Flowering Jun--Aug. Grassland, pastures, woodland clearings, disturbed limestone glades, rocky outcrops; introduced; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mich., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Va., W.Va.; w Asia.


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