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4. Calophyllaceae J. Agardh

Alexandrian Laurel Family Alexandrian Laurel Family

Norman K. B. Robson

Trees [shrubs], polygamous or dioecious, glabrous or hairy, hairs unicellular or multicellular, with glandular canals containing latex. Leaves opposite [alternate], decussate, simple, petiolate; blade: margins entire, surfaces with ± spherical glands containing secretions other than hypericin and pseudohypericin. Inflorescences axillary [terminal], pedicellate. Flowers bisexual or unisexual, homostylous; sepals persistent or deciduous, 2–4[–16], distinct or connate, inner pair often petaloid; petals deciduous, [0–]4–6[–8], decussate [contorted]; filaments basally connate [distinct], slender; anthers eglandular [glandular], dehiscing longitudinally; ovary superior, 1–8-locular; placentation basal; style 1; stigma ± expanded to peltate. Fruits baccate or drupaceous [capsular]. Seeds not arillate; embryo length 1/3+ times seed, cotyledons large.

Genera 14, species ca. 490 (2 genera, 2 species in the flora): introduced, Florida; Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Asia, Africa, Indian Ocean Islands (Madagascar), Pacific Islands, Australia; pantropical.

SELECTED REFERENCE Stevens, P. F. 2007. Clusiaceae-Guttiferae. In: K. Kubitzki et al., eds. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. 10+ vols. Berlin etc. Vol. 9, pp. 48–66.

1 Styles slender, lengths ca. 4 times ovary; sepals 4, distinct; leaves without tertiary venation visible between lateral veins.   1 Calophyllum p. nnn
+ Styles thick, very short; sepals 2 or 3, completely connate in bud; leaves with tertiary venation prominent between lateral veins.   2 Mammea p. nnn

Lower Taxa


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