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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 12 | Vitaceae

1. Ampelopsis cordata Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 159. 1803.
[E F]

Raccoon or false grape Raccoon or false grape

Vitis indivisa Willd.

Lianas, moderately high climbing. Branchlets green, glabrous. Leaves simple; petiole ± equaling blade; blade ovate, 5–12 × 4–9 cm, usually unlobed, sometimes shallowly 3-shouldered, base truncate to subcordate, margins coarsely and irregularly serrate, apex acute to acuminate, surfaces glabrous or abaxial surface sparsely puberulent. Inflorescences ± equaling to longer than leaves. Flowers yellowish green. Berries ripening from green to orange, rose, purple and finally blue, subglobose, 6–10 mm diam. 2n = 40.

Flowering late Apr–Jun; fruiting Jul–Sep. Stream and riverbanks, floodplain forests, wet woodland borders, lowland thickets, fencerows; 0–1000 m; Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.C., Ohio, Okla., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.

Reports of Ampelopsis cordata from Connecticut (for example, G. C. Tucker 1995) are based on misidentified material of A. aconitifolia.


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