1. Geum glaciale Adams ex Fischer, Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou. 2: 187, plate 11, fig. 20. 1809.
Novosieversia glacialis (Adams ex Fischer) F. Bolle; Sieversia glacialis (Adams ex Fischer) Sprengel
Plants subscapose. Stems 2–30 cm, densely pilose, ˂hairs 2–5 mm˃. Leaves: basal 3–10 cm, blade pinnate-pinnatifid, leaflets/lobes 11–23, terminal leaflet slightly larger; cauline 1.4–2.5 cm, stipules adnate to leaf, indistinguishable from lobes, blade ˂bractlike, not resembling basal, alternate˃, simple, 3-fid. Inflorescences 1-flowered. Pedicels densely pilose, eglandular. Flowers erect; epicalyx bractlets 6–9 mm; hypanthium green; sepals spreading-erect, 7–14 mm; petals ˂5–9˃, spreading, yellow, obovate, orbiculate, or ovate, 10–20 mm, longer than sepals, apex rounded to emarginate. Fruiting tori sessile, silky. Fruiting styles wholly persistent, not geniculate-jointed, 18–30 mm, apex not hooked, pilose except distal 1–3 mm. 2n = 28.
Flowering early summer. Tundra, rocky slopes, heaths; 0–1400 m; N.W.T., Yukon; Alaska; Asia (n Russia).
Flowers of Geum glaciale have from five to nine petals with seven being the most common. Other species of Geum nearly always have five petals, which is standard in most rosaceous genera. The sepals of G. glaciale are usually in two whorls for a total of about ten, and the bractlets are in two to three whorls. The exact number of epicalyx bractlets and sepals is made difficult to determine by the thick covering of hairs and because individual sepals and bractlets are sometimes deeply divided into two equal lobes.