12. Horkelia californica Chamisso & Schlechtendal, Linnaea. 2: 26. 1827.
Potentilla californica (Chamisso & Schlechtendal) Greene
Plants ± tufted, green. Stems ascending to erect, (1–)5–10(–12) dm, hairs ± spreading. Basal leaves planar, (5–)8–40(–50) × 1.5–11 cm; stipules entire; leaflets 3–9 per side, separate to slightly overlapping, ovate to round or broadly elliptic, 5–60 × (7–)10–30(–40) mm, 1/2 to as wide as long, unlobed or irregularly cleft 1/6–3/4+ to midrib into 5–15 linear or oblanceolate to obovate coarsely toothed lobes, collectively 10–60-toothed, pilose to villous. Cauline leaves 4–10. Inflorescences ± open, flowers arranged individually and in glomerules. Pedicels 1–20 mm. Flowers 8–15 mm diam.; epicalyx bractlets narrowly oblong to ovate, 4–6(–8) × 1–2.5 mm, ± equal to sepals, entire or toothed; hypanthium 3–5.5 × 4–10 mm, 1/2 to nearly as deep as wide, interior glabrous or pilose; sepals spreading, lanceolate, 4–6.5(–8) mm; petals oblanceolate to elliptic or oblong, 3–8 × 1–4 mm, apex obtuse to rounded; filaments 0.5–3 × 0.2–1.5 mm, anthers (0.8–)1.3–1.8 mm; carpels (50–)80–200(–220); styles 2–4 mm. Achenes brown, 0.8–1 mm, smooth or slightly rugose.
Varieties 3 (3 in the flora): California.
Plants of Horkelia californica have the largest hypanthia in the genus, and the hypanthia are significantly deeper than others that are equally wide. Other unique features include the often toothed bractlets and the slightly clawed petals that are often inwardly curved with undulate margins. These features also help to distinguish the species from Drymocallis glandulosa, with which it is often confused: both species have a similar gross morphology and overlapping ranges and habitats.
The three varieties recognized here were treated as distinct species by D. D. Keck (1938). The existence of intermediate populations makes varietal status the preferred option.