All Floras      Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 12 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 12 | Euphorbiaceae

1. Hura crepitans Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1008. 1753.
[F I]

Trees, to 30 m; latex copious, caustic. Leaves: stipules leaving scar around stem, 6–10 × 2–4 mm; petiole 10–20 cm, glands 2 adaxially at apex; blade broadly ovate to orbiculate, 10–25 × 8–15 cm, base cordate, margins crenate-serrulate with 10–20 teeth on each side, apex acuminate; midvein and secondary veins prominent. Staminate inflorescences: peduncle (2–)5–10(–15) cm, fertile portion 2–5 cm, 60–80-flowered; staminate bracts membranaceous, enclosing flowers prior to anthesis. Pedicels: pistillate 1–5 cm. Staminate flowers: calyx cup-shaped, 1 mm, 3–5-lobed; staminal column to 2.5 mm, anthers usually in 2, rarely in 3, whorls. Pistillate flowers red; calyx cup-shaped, 3–5(–8) mm, 5-lobed; style 30–50 mm, terminating in thick apical disc 1 cm diam. with 5–20 radiating lobes 5–10 mm. Capsules depressed-globose, 3–5 × 6–10 cm. Seeds brownish, 15–20 mm diam., 5–8 mm thick, smooth.

Flowering Jan–May; fruiting (Mar–)May–Sep. Hammocks and disturbed ground; 0–10 m; introduced, Fla.; West Indies; Central America; South America; widely cultivated and often escaped throughout tropical regions of the world.

In the flora area, Hura crepitans is found only in Miami-Dade and Monroe (Keys only) counties. The capsules dehisce explosively, producing a loud sound and throwing the seeds up to 45 m (M. D. Swain and T. Beer 1977).


Related Objects Image Gallery 
  • Distribution Map
  • Map
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

    Flora of China  
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |