19. Luzula campestris (Linnaeus) de Candolle in J. Lamarck and A. P. de Candolle, Fl. France, ed. 3. 3: 161. 1805.
Juncus campestris Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. I1: 329. 1753
Rhizomes conspicuous. Stolons short, slender. Culms not cespitose, decumbent, 10--20 cm. Leaves: basal leaves few, 2.5--15 cm x 4 mm, apex callous, pilose. Inflorescences racemose; glomerules 2--6, central glomerules sessile or all congested, not cylindric; peduncles straight, divergent as much as 90°, to 3 cm; proximal inflorescence bract dark, often purplish, leaflike. Flowers: tepals dark reddish, shining, with wide clear margins and apex, (apex acuminate, midrib extending as awned tip), 3--3.5 mm; outer and inner whorls equal; anthers ca. 2--6 times filament length; stigmas ± equal to style. Capsules brown, shining, (usually lighter than tepals), conspicuously shorter than to nearly equal to tepals; (beak obvious). Seeds reddish, globose, 1--1.3 mm; caruncle to 1/2 seed length. 2n = 12.
Flowering and fruiting summer. Sunny clearingsHabitat??; 500--900 melevation??; introduced; Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.).
Luzula campestris may occur rarely elsewhere in Canada and the United States in lawns and cleared places (collected in Massachusetts in the 1920s). A common European species, the name is used in our floras for almost every species of the "multiflora--campestris" complex.