1. Nitrophila occidentalis (Moquin-Tandon) S. Watson, Botany (Fortieth Parallel). 297. 1871.
Banalia occidentalis Moquin-Tandon in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 13(2): 279. 1849
Stems sometimes prostrate and stolon- or rhizomelike with scaly leaves, 7-20(-30) cm; above-ground stem not densely leafy. Leaves of main stems clasping at base, leaves of main stem sometimes connate, arched-spreading; blade linear, terete or subterete, at least in distal 1/2, 5-20(-30) × 0.7-1.5 mm, apex sharply acute or apiculate, sometimes retuse. Inflorescences solitary, sessile flowers, or if 2-3-flowered, additional flowers short-pedicelled. Flowers: perianth segments erect, pinkish to yellowish brown, 1-veined, ovate, 2-3.3 mm; stamens included; filaments shortly connate basally; style longer than stigmatic branches. Utricles concealed by persistent calyx. Seeds brown, ca 1.2 mm. 2n = 18.
Flowering spring-summer. Relatively moist, alkaline flats or meadows, 400-1900 m; Calif., Nev., Oreg., Utah.
Nitrophila occidentalis often occurs with Distichlis, Juncus, and Sarcobatus.