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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Potamogetonaceae | Potamogeton

25. Potamogeton pulcher Tuckerman, American Journal of Science, and Arts. 45:38. 1843.

Spotted pondweed, potamot gracieux

Rhizomes present. Cauline stems terete, conspicuously spotted, 8--95 cm; nodal glands absent. Turions absent. Leaves both submersed and floating, ± spirally arranged. Submersed leaves petiolate, lax; stipules deliquescent, inconspicuous, convolute, free from blade, light to dark brown, not ligulate, 0.7--1.2 cm, not fibrous, not shredding at tip, apex obtuse; petioles 0.5--4.5 cm; blade dark green, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, often arcuate, 3.5--13.8 cm ´ 60--165 mm acute, base acute to rounded, without basal lobes, margins entire, crispate, apex not hoodlike, acute to obtuse, lacunae in 2--5 rows each side of midrib; veins 7--19. Floating leaves: petioles continuous in color to apex, 1--16.5 cm; blade adaxially light to dark green, lanceolate to round-ovate, 2.5--8.5 cm ´ 11--44 mm, base rounded to cordate, apex acute to rounded; veins 15--21. Inflorescences unbranched, emersed; peduncles not dimorphic, terminal or axillary, erect to ascending, cylindric, 3.3--9.4 cm; spikes not dimorphic, cylindric, 17--36 mm. Fruits sessile, dark green to dark brown, ovoid to obovoid, turgid, abaxially keeled, laterally ridged, 5--6.5 ´ 4.1--5 mm, lateral ridges without points; beak erect, 0.5 mm; embryo with 1 full spiral. Chromosome number apparently unknown not available.

Flowers summer--fall. Stagnant to slow-flowing waters of streams, lakes, ponds, and small rivers; 0--700 m; N.B., N.S., Ont. , P.E.I.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Potamogeton pulcher is similar in morphology to P. amplifolius and occurs in similar habitats. Potamogeton pulcher differs from P. amplifolius by the former having lanceolate to linear-lanceolate submersed leaves with fewer than 19 veins, whereas the latter has ovate submersed leaves with more than 19 veins.


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