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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Alismataceae | Sagittaria

7. Sagittaria filiformis J. G. Smith, N. Amer. Sagittaria. 20, plate 15, figs. 5--8. 1894.

Sagittaria stagnorum Small; S. subulata (Linnaeus) Buchenau var. gracillima (S. Watson) J. G. Smith

Herbs, perennial, to 170 cm, mostly of fresh waters, some plants stranded along shore; rhizomes absent; stolons present; corms present. Leaves submersed or floating, rarely emersed; submersed phyllodial, flattened, 30--250 ´ 0.1--1.5 cm; floating with petiole flattened, to 40 cm, blade linear-ovate to ovate, rarely sagittate, to 3.5 ´ 0.5 cm; emersed with petiole 5--10 cm, blade linear-ovate to ovate, rarely hastate to sagittate, to 4 ´ 0.5 cm; stranded plants usually with expanded leaf blades. Inflorescences racemes, rarely panicles, of 4--10 whorls, floating to slightly emersed, 15--25 ´ 5--15 cm; peduncles 10--200 cm; bracts connate more than ΒΌ total length, lanceolate, 110 mm, delicate, not papillose; fruiting pedicels spreading to recurved, cylindric, 1.5--4.5 cm. Flowers to 3 cm diam.; sepals spreading in staminate, erect in pistillate, enclosing flower or fruiting head; filaments dilated, ± equaling anthers, glabrous; pistillate pedicellate, without ring of sterile stamens. Fruiting heads 0.7--1 cm diam.; achenes obovoid, abaxially keeled, 5 ´ 2.5 mm, beaked; faces not tuberculate, wings 0--3, ± entire, glands 0--1; beak lateral, erect, 1 mm. 2n = 22.

Flowering summer--fall. Shallow, swift waters or deep streams in northern portion of range; ponds, lakes, drainage canals, and swamps in southern portion of range; 0--100 m; Ala., Conn., Fla., Ga., Maine, Mass., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., R.I., S.C., Va.


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